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The Calabria Region of Italy

Province of Cosenza


Amantea (Greek: Amanthea) is a town of Greek origin and a tourist center on the southern Tyrrhenian Sea coast. Major attractions Include:

* The Rocca (Castle) - first built by the Byzantines, it was strengthened by the Arabs. The current cylindrical tower is of the Norman-Hohenstaufen age. It was long besieged by Charles of Anjou's troops in 1269, and nearly destroyed during the French siege in 1806-1807. It is now a public structure, but is abandoned.
* Church of San Bernardino - became the main monument, a church with adjacent convent dating back to 1436. There are precious statues from the '400s and '500s in its interior. There are numerous churches to visit, including the Church of the Jesuits and the remains of the Medieval S. Francesco of Assisi, with remarkable panoramic views.
* Palazzo Mirabelli (17th century).
* U Turriune (large tower, 14th century) at Campora San

Giovanni

* Palazzo delle Clarisse (17th century) in photo below (right).

 



Praia a Mare is a coastal town on Italy’s Cedri Riviera - the Citrus Coast - surrounded with natural wonders, legends and history. Very close to the beach is Dino Island, whose sandstone circumference includes mystifying cave grottos, filled with an an indescribable color of blue, created by light which comes up through the water, giving Dino Island (photo left) World-Heritage site status.

 

Diamante, on the Tyrrhenian coast, is a jewel just as its name suggests. It offers a marvelous beach with clear blue waters; and great fishing as well. This is a popular beach resort characterized by picturesque cliffs sloping to the sea with an intense azure hue and a countryside full of olive groves and cedar wood groves.

 

Cosenza, the provincial capital is about 238 m above sea level at the intersection of the Busento and Crati rivers in a valley between the Sila and the coastal range of mountains. The old town, overshadowed by its castle, Castello Svevo (photo right), descends to the River Crati, while the growing modern city lies to the north, beyond the Busento, on level ground. Cosenza has many interesting monuments including:

 

* Romanesque Duomo (Cathedral, 12th century), with Isabella d'Aragona's fine tomb. Inside is Cosenza’s most prized work of art after the famed cross— La Madonna del Pilerio, a 12th-century painting in the Byzantine style. It is in a Baroque chapel, the first to the left side of the church entrance. (0984 79 56 39. Open daily mornings and late afternoons.)

* Church of San Domenico - originally founded in 1448, it contains renaissance and medieval elements in its architecture. The rose window surrounded by 16 columns is the most attractive feature of the church; the interiors are decorated with several stunning works of art by important artists.

* The cortile of St. Francis of Assissi

The Church of San Francesco di Paola - San Francesco di Paola, is the patron saint of Calabria. The facade dates to the 16th Century.

 

 

Province of Reggio Calabria

 

Reggio Calabria is the regional capital, opposite the strait of Messina. With a population of about 185.577 inhabitants, Reggio is the center of an important tourist and cultural area, and has a large university. Its foundation dates back to the 8th Century b.c., but most of the urban buildings were reconstructed after the 1908 earthquake, which destroyed most of the historic settlement.

* The Bronzes of Riaci- two famous full-size Greek bronzes of nude bearded warriors, cast about 460–430 BCE and currently housed by the Museo Nazionale della Magna Grecia in Reggio Calabria, Italy.

 

 

*Duomo of Reggio Calabria - The Cathedral of Reggio Calabria is the mother church of the Archdiocese of Reggio Calabria- Bova and is the biggest religious building of the whole district. It was first linked to the Latin Church of Rome and then to the Greek- Byzantine Church until the Norman Conquest (1061) and the following renewed latin influence, the several rebuildings after earthquakes, wars and sacks, some of them recorded in the 1632 memorial stone (right side aisle) until the latest rebuilding after the 1908 earthquake.

 

* Bagnara Calabra - is a small town on the coast north of Reggio Calabria where Gianni Versace was born. A magnificent fishing town with a marvelous marina and exciting views.

 

* Scilla -a small fishing village that overlooks the Tyrrhenian Calabrian entrance of the Strait of Messina, extends along the coast "Costa Viola", so named for the color of the sea takes on at certain times of the day, and the slopes of Aspromonte. The village is situated on the peak (the Scillèo promontory jutting out over the Straits of Messina), located 25 km north of Reggio Calabria. The Amendolea Ruffo di Castello( right) , a medieval fortress located in 'namesake town in the heart of what is known as the 'Hellenistic area of the Province of Reggio Calabria, stood in a highly strategic role, as the Valley of the Fiumara Amendolea was in historical times the boundary between Locri and Reggio Calabria.

 

 

Province of Crotone

 

The territory of the province of Crotone is located between the Sila mountains to the west and the Ionian Sea to the east, and was in antiquity an area of very early Greek settlements.

Crotone or Kroton, as the ancient Greeks called it, is located on the Ionian sea and is the present capital of the province. This Calabrian town was home to Milo of Crotone, a renowned athlete who was much admired by Virgil. In the 6C BC, Pythagorus founded several communities of mathematicians here, which gradually became too powerful for the local rulers and were expelled to Metaponto. Annexed by Rome after the Second Punic War, Crotone is now a busy industrial port and a popular seaside resort.

 

* The 16th century Castle of Charles V. (left) houses the Town Museum, with findings excavated in the ancient site of Kroton. Notables are also the remnants of the walls, of the same century, and of various watchtowers.

 

* The Duomo of Crotone - originally from the 9th-11th century, is largely rebuilt. It has a neo-classical facade, while the interior has a nave with two aisles, with decorated in the Baroque style. Noteworthy are a baptismal font (12th century) and the Madonna di Capo Colonna, the icon of the Black Madonna which, according to the tradition, was brought from East in the first years of the Christian era. (photo right)


Province of Catanzaro

 

The province is one of the very few in Italy with coastlines on two different seas, the Ionian and the Tyrrhenian. The capital is the city of Catanzaro.

The old town was built across three hills (St. Trifone or St. Rocco Hill; Episcopate's Hill; St. Giovanni Hill) in Byzanthine times. There are doubts on the origin of the name, some say it derived from two Byzanthine generals, Katà and Zaro, while another theory is that Zaro was the original name of the river, so that katà Zaro would mean beyond the river.

 

 

* Museo delle carrozze, ( museum of the carriages) is the only one of its kind in Southern Italy, consisting of 21 perfectly restored carriages, hosted in the mansion of barone De Paula; among the many unique pieces, the carriage used in «Gone with the Wind».

 

 

* Catanzaro Bridge, a well-known, one-arch bridge (Viaduct Morandi-Bisantis). The bridge was named after Fausto Bisantis, a noted Italian Senator from catanzaro.It was inaugurated in 1962 and is the tallest arched bridge in Europe. (right)

Province of Vibo Valentia

 

Vibo Valentia (photo left) is located near the Tyrrhenian Sea and is a lively tourist resort (with the beaches of Vibo Marina), as well as an agricultural and commercial center. It is a regional capital with a Norman castle, Roman Baths, segments of megalithic Greek walls and numerous renaissance and baroque churches, as wells as a bustling shopping area with many shops, bars and restaurants in the center city. Vibo Valentia is close to many coastal resort towns like Tropea. It is a fairly big town and tourist center situated on the north-western slopes of Monte Poro, with one of the best and most secure ports on the coast




The Official Calabria region Site



The Official Province of Cosenza site



The Commune of Reggio Calabria site


Museo Nazionale della Magna Grecia