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The Calabria Region of Italy

 

Calabria's Major Cities

Calabria has five major cities including: Catanzaro ( also the capital of Calabria) and a provincial capital, Reggio Calabria, Crotone, Cosenza and Vibo Valencia, which are also capitals of their respective provinces.

 

Catanzaro ( photo at left) is one of the few provinces in Italy which has a coastline on two seas: the Tyrrhenian and the Ionian. It overlooks the Gulf of Squillace, in the Ionian Sea, where according to some scholars, the port of Feaco is located. According to Homer, Ulysses was accepted and told his story there, specifically at Isthmus, the strip of land closer to Italy. Only 30 km separate the Ionian Sea from the Tyrrhenian Sea. The area of Catanzaro stretches from the sea to a height of 600 meters. The historic center is found approximately 300 meters above sea level. On the Ionian coastline there are 8 km of beach and a marina. Because of its unusual geography, the city, while washed by the sea, is still subject to snowy winters.


 

 

Cosenza (population 70,000), is a provincial capital in Calabria, which spans the convergence of two rivers. The old town, dominated by its castle, descends to the River Crati, whereas the modern city lies to the north, beyond the Busento, on level ground. it is a very ancient town, according to Roman historian Strabo, the capital of the Bruttii people, later dominated by the Greek civilization. In 204 BC it was conquered by the Romans, and became an important communication center along the Via Popilia connecting Rome to Reggio and Sicily. It is a city with a varied history and tradition, including the Greek, the Roman and the Byzantine Spaniards.

 

 

Reggio Calabria is the regional capital, opposite the strait of Messina. With a population of about 185.577 inhabitants, Reggio is the center of an important tourist and cultural area, and has a large university. Its foundation dates back to the 8th Century b.c., but most of the urban buildings were reconstructed after the 1908 earthquake, which destroyed most of the historic settlement. The unusual orographic conformation of the landscape has produced its peculiar form, squeezed between the Aspromonte hills and the sea. Like most of its surrounding region, Reggio today lacks a well-developed industrial and infrastructure system, the reason for its slow economic development. The tourist sector, is flourishing, and steadily increasing during the past decades.

 


Crotone (the ancient Greek city of Kroton) was, in its day among the most important colonial settlements of Magna Graecia. Early on it established a school of medicine, famous throughout the classical world and closely linked with the prowess of the city's athletes. The athletes of Crotone regularly earned all the honors at the Olympic Games back in Greece. In 530 BC the mathematician and metaphysician Pythagoras took up residence here and it later developed into the first of the Greek cities in Calabria. Crotone today has a pristine old center, and makes a good home base for travels to the beaches to the south and for the Greek ruins at Capo Colonna.

 

Vibo Valentia (photo left) is located near the Tyrrhenian Sea and is a lively tourist resort (with the beaches of Vibo Marina), as well as an agricultural and commercial center. It is a regional capital with a Norman castle, Roman Baths, segments of megalithic Greek walls and numerous renaissance and baroque churches, as wells as a bustling shopping area with many shops, bars and restaurants in the center city. Vibo Valentia is close to many coastal resort towns like Tropea. It is a fairly big town and tourist center situated on the north-western slopes of Monte Poro, with one of the best and most secure ports on the coast




The Official Calabria region Site



The Official Province of Cosenza site


The Official Commune of Catanzaro site

The Commune of Reggio Calabria site


The Official Province of Crotone site


The Official Province Vibo Valentia site